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Why Are Lithium Batteries Not Allowed on Airplanes –Cause, Performance and Packing
Lithium batteries are one of the restrictions in planes. There are very many reasons for their restrictions, some of which will be mentioned in this article. The batteries are small, and hence many people would prefer to carry them for ease of mobility. In all passenger airplanes, lithium batteries cannot be transported unless all preventive packaging measures are done. Lithium batteries are prone to fires, and fires risk the explosion of the airplanes and thus risking the lives of any life on board.
Always remember that different aircraft have different regulations; some may restrict the lithium batteries in both passenger and commercial aircraft while others allow commercial aircraft to ship the batteries.
Most of the gadgets used by passengers that are smartphones, laptops, tablets, and medical pieces of equipment, all have lithium batteries, and for that, measures of safely packaging them are required to ensure fires are avoided by all means.
Why can't you take lithium batteries on an airplane?
Lithium batteries are easily prone to fires if damaged or when the terminals undergo a short circuit. Most of the devices that use lithium batteries include; tablets, smartphones, laptops, and cameras. These devices are supposed to be kept in checked baggage when completely turned off or in carry-on baggage to prevent them from damage.
Any lithium battery that is not in use or, in this case, any other electronic device prone to short circuits or fires should be stored in the carry-on baggage. This makes it easier for the cabin crew to prevent any fires from starting and stopping any that may start. Battery terminals should be protected using tape, or if possible, they should remain in the manufacturer's packaging. All this is done to prevent accidental short circuits, which may result in fires.
You may not carry your lithium batteries on an airplane simply because some airlines completely ban their passengers from carrying them. Other airlines allow but limit the number of batteries or devices with the batteries to be carried. If one has to carry the batteries as a spare, he or she has to ensure they carry them in a piece of carry-on luggage and separate each of the batteries from each other to avoid unnecessary short-circuits.
The batteries can be wrapped individually, and the terminals taped for each battery to be transported in its manufacturer's packaging. Other devices containing lithium batteries also should be treated as the batteries and all the necessary precautions taken.
It is evident that the reason why you can't take your lithium batteries on an airplane is that they are prone to cause fires. The old damaged batteries are the worst and if you can avoid carrying them the better. As a result of this, some airlines have resulted in restricting the number of lithium batteries on planes.
What are lithium batteries not allowed on airplanes?
lithium batteries intended for either sale or distribution are not allowed in planes. Those lithium batteries allowed are that that are used by passengers, for example, those on battery charges, smartphones, and tablets, etc. For the spare batteries carried by passengers, they are limited to two batteries per passenger if the batteries are large. By large, we refer to batteries that have more than 160-watt hours per battery.
Any lithium battery that is damaged or recalled is prohibited. The bad batteries have a tendency of causing sparks or short-circuits, which result in hazardous fires. For the rechargeable lithium batteries, those above 2grams per battery are not allowed on planes. Those that are 2 grams per battery are allowed but note that that applies only for lithium non-rechargeable batteries.
Lithium batteries below 100 watts are allowed on the plane but only when in carry-on-bags or checked bags. Those with more than 100 watts are only in carry-on bags. Batteries that are wet are limited to sizes and quantities in which they can be carried in carry-on bags.
How do you pack lithium batteries for air travel?
There are various ways in which you can package your lithium batteries to make them safe for travel. The first is leaving the batteries packed the way manufacturers did. One should leave the batteries as they had bought them since the manufacturers pack them carefully, separating the terminals and leaving the batteries apart. That ensures they do not cause any short circuit.
The second method you can pack your lithium batteries is by covering the battery terminals with the use of tape. This will ensure that no current is passed through the batteries that may cause overheating or sparks, or short-circuits.
Battery cases can also be used, and this will prevent the batteries from coming into contact with any metal. The use of a plastic bag for each battery or a protective pouch can also serve as a method of packaging. A battery sleeve in a camera bag can also be used to ensure the batteries are not in contact with each other or any metal.
The last thing you should do while packaging your lithium batteries is to ensure they are not damaged, crushed, or punctured. Also, avoid putting too much pressure on the batteries since that may cause overheat and an internal short circuit.
It is imperative to know that some airlines may restrict any type of lithium batteries, so ensure you always check the guidelines of the airline before going to the airport. Packing your lithium batteries as instructed ensures your safety in the air and decreases the chances of fire burning up the plane.
It is evident from the article that lithium batteries are not allowed on planes, and those that are allowed are under strict restrictions of packaging. Failure to adhere to the restrictions, the lithium batteries may cause fires that may be brought about by short circuits or overheating of the batteries. Ensure you always package your batteries in the above-mentioned methods that are; use battery cases, coverage of battery terminals with a tape, using the manufacturer's packaging, and many more. We have noticed that all bad and wet lithium batteries are not allowed on air because of their threat to cause fires. Others are restricted differently depending on the airlines.