We all know that Lithium battery technology has existed for a long time in our history. Scientists were trying to come up with a better power generating battery for over a century. And that's when Lithium chemistry came into existence for the betterment of source of energy and electricity.
So, in this guide, we are going to explore the world of how Lithium battery was invented and how the technology was developed throughout history. Moreover, we will learn about the top manufacturer of Lithium batteries in the modern world. Let's begin.
The experimentation with Lithium element began in the year 1912 under the regulation of G.N Lewis. However, the commercialization of Lithium batteries didn't come to the market until the late 1970s. In 1980, an American Physicist, Professor John Goodenough, made a breakthrough by inventing a new type of Lithium battery that could migrate the ions from one electrode to another.
As Lithium is one of the lightest elements in the periodic table, it has several properties that come in handy for making batteries. It has large electrochemical potential, which results in producing the highest voltage in the lightest volumes. This laid the foundation for Lithium-ion batteries, and the battery technology was changed forever. Later on, the scientists who worked as a team, John Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham, & Akira Yoshino, won the Nobel Prize for their work in the development of this battery.
Once the battery was discovered, the Scientists believed that Lithium Batteries would provide a cost-effective and safe energy source to all humanity. From safety, energy density, life cycle, rates of charge and discharge, every characteristic of Lithium batteries were unmatched. Fortunately, that wasn't the end of experimentation with the Lithium element. Scientists are still trying to work out how to make the batteries more apprehendable for future use.
How Did Lithium Battery Develop In History?
Just like any other invention, Lithium battery development also went through many phases. Alongside, many other inventions were done that led to the success of Lithium batteries. The development phases can be narrowed down to the following:
?During the 1970s, there was an intentional oil crisis that made the scientists go into hyperactive mode. An English chemist, Stanley Whittingham, appointed at Exxon mobile, started exploring the idea of a new battery that could recharge on its own in a shorter span. This gave hope of fossil-free energy to all the people.
?In the first attempt, the Chemist used Titanium Disulfide and Lithium metal for electrodes, but there were numerous safety concerns and other challenges. The experiment was a colossal disaster, and Exxon halted the experiments entirely.
?Fortunately, John Goodenough, employed as an Engineering Professor at the University of Texas at Austin, got another idea. He experimented using Lithium Cobalt Oxide as Cathode instead of Titanium Disulfide, and he succeeded. Further, the battery's energy potential was doubled.
?Half a decade later, Akira Yoshino at Meijo University, Japan, changed the idea once again. He used carbonaceous material, petroleum coke for the anode, and a revolution emerged. The battery was much safer than its counterpart, and performance improved without compromise. Thus, the first prototype of Lithium-ion batteries was recorded in history.
And all these experiments led to the Lithium-ion battery that we know today. It was Sony who made the first move to commercialize the Lithium-ion battery in 1991. Gradually, the chemistry got new elements added, such as lithium polymer battery, Alkaline Batteries, Lithium Cobalt Oxide battery, etc. In the present world, these batteries are used in various devices, including (but not limited to) smartphones, electric vehicles, digital cameras, power tools, telecommunications applications, etc.
Which Manufacturer Make Lithium Battery Better?
You will be surprised to know that in the upcoming years, it is expected that Lithium-ion battery demand will increase about 10 fold due to the EV boom. Rapid charging time, low maintenance, and high energy density, these are the few things that make Lithium-ion a better proposition than other types of batteries. Looking at the current statistics, the Lithium Industry growth will keep on increasing in the modern era as well.
So, we have gathered the top manufacturers of Lithium-ion batteries so that you'll know whether you are buying batteries in high quality or not.
1: Samsung SDI:
A subsidiary of Samsung Electronics, Samsung SDI is the company that is dedicated to fuel research and innovation in Lithium-ion technology. They work for both in-house and commercial use of batteries. Currently, they are working on the production of better lithium batteries, solar energy panels, and several other energy storage systems. They acquire some of the biggest markets in the world, including Germany, the United States, and Malaysia.
With the electric automobile boom, Panasonic tryst with Lithium-ion technology began. They are currently developing and manufacturing batteries for tech and automotive companies, including Tesla. Panasonic batteries are known for their efficiency and performance. Including this, they also build communication systems and security systems.
A huge investment is made by Toshiba in the Research & Development department for the Lithium battery. They are covering the telecommunication and automotive sectors. But for diversification, they are also engaging in the production of Integrated Circuits, flash storages, etc. as well.
Tesla has continually manufacturing and gaining automotive excellence in their field. While the company is purchasing the batteries from Panasonic currently, they are soon going to launch a Gigafactory in Australia and the United States of America alongside Panasonic. When the Gigafactory starts production, manufacture, and distribution, it will be the largest facility for lithium batteries, which is remarkable.
5: LG Chem:
Founded in 1947, LG Chem is one of the top leaders in manufacturing Lithium batteries. They cater to a wide array of industries and provide energy solutions to the petrochemical industry and the aviation industry. They also design heavy duty batteries for consumers like laptops and smartphones.
All these manufacturers are working very hard to make our everyday life easier by making the lithium battery better. As the energy sector is growing at a fast pace, all firms are giving their best.