If you have ever purchased a battery, then you would notice that batteries have weights on them. Yes, batteries do have things inside it, and those things are the ones that help the battery to run do its duty to give energy. In this article, we will focus on one of those “things,” mainly battery acid. We will talk about battery acid’s definitions (yes, two of them!), its care, and safety precautions.
Actually, battery acid has two definitions. The first definition is the acid that usually exists within lead-acid batteries. There are chemicals within lead-acid batteries, and people usually call those chemicals electrolytes. Electrolytes are mostly made of sulfuric acid.
The second definition of battery acid is the leakage that can happen to any battery. The leakage is when the chemicals within the battery spill from its container (or the battery), creating a spillage that can be harmful at certain times.
Since there are different kinds of battery chemicals, the spillage would result in different chemicals too. Here is the list of some battery acid that can appear when spillage happens:
If you’ve used skincare, then the word “sulfur” might sound similar. Yes, sulfur is actually used for skincare routine at times. Diluted sulfur is usually used for acne treatment. However, the sulfur used for batteries is far from safe for the skin.
Sulfuric acid is the most common chemical from most batteries. You can find sulfuric acid on lead-acid batteries and car batteries.
Potassium hydroxide mostly come from alkaline batteries. Alkaline batteries are mostly used for household objects, so you’ll find alkaline batteries everywhere, the leakage of potassium hydroxide usually happens when the battery suffers from coronation.
There are other chemicals that exist within batteries such as mercury, lithium, cadmium, and many more. However, sulfuric acid and potassium hydroxide are the most common chemicals that appear when spillage happens.
What do you do if you get battery acid on your skin?
When the spillage of battery acid happens, it is best to seek medical attention immediately. It can create skin reactions, and the chemical can quickly dissolve on the skin.
Different kinds of chemicals result in different reactions. Potassium hydroxide does cause chemical burn on the skin. However, if carefully treated, it still can be cleaned up properly. So, there is still a chance of neutralizing the potassium hydroxide if its spillage happened.
However, sulfuric acid is a different matter. If you are in direct contact with undiluted sulfuric acid, it can create a severe damage on the skin. When this happens, it can result in an emergency medical emergency. You will have to see a doctor immediately when this happens.
So, it’s best to be careful when your battery contains dangerous chemicals, especially when the chemical is sulfuric acid. If they are not taken care immediately, they can damage the skin in the worst possible way.
If you are unable to go to a doctor, here are some things you can do to slow down the damage:
1.Boil the water and wait until it’s warm. Make sure the water does not get too hot, as you will use it on your skin.
2.Take out the soap.
3.Mix the soap and the warm water together to create a soapy water.
4.Rinse the chemical from your skin.
5.The rinsing might cause a sting on the skin, but do not stop and continue removing the chemical.
6.If the sting remains, rinse the chemical slowly.
7.If the pain still remains after twenty or thirty minutes, head out to the doctor immediately.
1.Isolate the affected area. The isolation means removing jewelry or other things that you wear around the affected area.
2.Immediately rinse off the acid with warm water for at least thirty minutes.
3.Cool down and wait for a response after washing the chemical for thirty minutes.
4.If the pain does not subside after twenty or thirty minutes, rinse of the chemical again. However, this time, contact the doctor to ask for the next step that should be done.
If the steps above do not work, go to the doctor immediately.
Can battery acid hurt you?
Although there are harmless battery acids, there are few in number. If you come in contact directly with battery acid, it can create damage to the contacted area. Below are some battery acid and the damage they might give.
Lead is the easiest chemical we can expose ourselves to, as we can easily get them by inhaling the chemical. Thus, we need to be extremely careful with lead.
If a child is exposed to lead, it can affect his/her growth and brain development. It can also lead to hearing impairment. If an adult is exposed to lead, it can lead to memory loss and the lower ability to concentrate. It can also affect the reproductive system.
Cadmium is as dangerous as lead, as there have been cases of factory workers suffering from health problems due to exposure to cadmium. The exposure to cadmium can lead to kidney damage.
Although most batteries that use cadmium are sealed, it’s best to take precautions with it. After all, it can easily enter the system through the skin.
It is best to stay away from sulfuric acid as far as possible, as the damage it gives is severe. If swallowed, it can result in immediate death. It can also lead to blindness if it gets direct contact with eyes. Seeing the damage sulfuric acid gives, it is best to wear the complete protective suit when you handle them.
The best precaution for us is to ensure that the battery will not suffer from any leakage. So when you receive your new battery, it’s best to pay extra attention to the instruction on how to handle them. Prevention is better than letting it happen, isn’t it? And once you know how to handle them, you’ll be able to be more relaxed with the battery, so don’t worry!
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