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What Should a Fully Charged Battery Read-Multimeter and Charging
Batteries have been used for decades now since they were first invented. Over the years, they have been improved to retain more charge and keep powering devices for a longer period of time. since power can not be in every device right from the national grid at all times, it becomes necessary to store it whenever it is generated so that it can be put into later use. A good battery is effective in providing charge when there is no power, when the power produced is limited to certain periods such as solar power, or when power is needed to star machines such as in the case of vehicle engines as well factory equipment. Batteries have wide ranges with many of them being to ensure that there is a constant flow of power in devices that cannot be plugged in all the time.
Because of the wide use of batteries, it is important to ensure that they are in the right state of operation so that you can their full performing capacity. A battery is healthy if it can store charge according to the required limits and read the required readings of charge. However, when the battery reads less than the normal voltage there is a problem and it needs to be recharged, checked or it's time to replace it.
What should a fully charged battery read on a multimeter?
When the terminals of a battery are checked using a voltmeter when it is not in use, it should read 12.2-12.6Volts. this reading reads when the battery is at rest. This reading shows that the battery is in the right state and it is viable for use in the required appliance. When a battery reads a lesser reading, it shows that it is either not charging well, it is discharging too fast or its electrodes are faulty and it will soon fail you when you need it the most. A multimeter is a device used to measure a wide variety of electric measurements to ensure accuracy and reliability. There are other devices that you could use to measure battery charge but the millimeter is the most recommended option. A faulty battery will record lesser readings than 12 Volts. That means that the batteries’ voltage is compromised and so is its ability to facilitate the flow of charge. A battery is a device used to store charge but it also acts as a “pump”. This is so because the battery acts as the source of electromotive force (EMF). That is what enables the charge to flow from the devices and back again to facilitate the working of the electric appliance depending on a battery for its operation. The voltage of a battery directly affects how it operates because low voltage affects its ability to facilitate the flow of charge. It is therefore recommended to ensure that you check your battery reading after some time to ensure that its reading is between 12.2 to 12.6 for better operation.
What is the voltage of a fully charged AGM battery?
As opposed to ordinary batteries whose reading on a multimeter should be between 12.2-12.6 volts, AGM batteries are designed to read between 14.6-14.8 volts. In the event that these batteries read anything below 10 Volts, they should be allowed to recharge. AGM batteries are maintenance-free for they do not require lead acid which makes them a better option if you do want to keep adding battery water and acid to batteries. Also, they are a good option if you want to avoid spillages. As opposed to ordinary batteries that are designed to have free-flowing liquid, AGM batteries carry their charge in sponges that are soaked sponges that coat the lead plates. This makes it easier to summon power from AGM batteries as well as recharge them. AGM batteries are becoming common for use because of their nature. They require no maintenance and so they are preferred because once installed the user does not need to worry about low acid, specific gravity, or any problems that are associated with regular lead-acid batteries. AGM batteries are also more preferred in cars, motor vehicles, and marine vessels because of their longevity. These long-lasting capabilities make these batteries the best option because apart from being maintenance-free the owner is assured that AGM batteries will last long. Way longer than regular liquid-dependent batteries. AGM batteries last two to three times longer than regular lead-acid batteries.
The voltage of an AGM battery is also more which means that they possess a higher ability to ensure the flow of charge. This makes them more powerful, efficient, and reliable. Also, AGM batteries charge fast enough to ensure that you will have constant power because of low chances of undercharge. The normal charge of between 14.6-14.8 volts is normally constant and rarely will an AGM battery drop its voltage state because they charge fast and do not drain too fast. This helps them to maintain the right state of voltage for better performance.
How long should a 12-volt battery hold its charge?
A 12-volt battery should last charge for at least 12 hours by the time it is fully charged. When charging a 12volts battery it is important to know that there is heat production which is a result of the opposition of charge within the battery during the process of charging. It is hence recommended that when charging your battery, you should check to ensure that it does not overheat. when the battery gets too hot above 125 degrees Fahrenheit (51.6 degrees Celsius), you should unplug from the charging device and allow it to cool to avoid damaging its electrodes. Slow charging is the best method of charging a battery because it ensures that there is less resistance during charging which helps in maintaining the longevity of the battery. Charging a 12volts battery too fast can damage its electrodes which will reduce its performance capabilities and shorten its life cycle. To the worst, fast charging can make the battery accumulate too much heat and cause a fire. It is, therefore, best to keep the charging low so that the battery can recharge with less heat production and with less resistance which will help in maintaining the health of the battery. For this reason, 12 hours is the best time to charge the battery. Lesser time to charge the battery will compromise its efficiency performance and shorten its life.