Lithium-ion UPSs represent an advanced UPS battery technology progression, which has been overtaken by valve-regulated lead-acid (VRLA) for decades. As UPS lithium batteries offer a 10- to 15-year lifespan—as opposed to their lead-acid counterparts, which generally need to be replaced every 3 to 5 years—the technology provides several advantages.
The most common reason cited is the relatively more extended service life. Lithium-ion also provides a longer cycle life and a more extended warranty. Moreover, the lighter weight and smaller footprint are additional advantages.
While shipping, your core responsibilities are limited to simple steps such as:
- selecting secure outer packaging,
- carefully protecting battery terminals to prevent sparking or short circuit, and correctly
- preparing the inner package components to keep tools or other metal objects away from batteries.
This illustrative will guide you on FAQs related to shipment.
1) Can you ship up a lithium battery?
When shipping lithium batteries, you must comply with the departments which determine the guidelines for shipment of batteries. Lithium batteries can only be shipped if they are installed in the device. You can ship lithium batteries, but strict and specific guidelines must be followed due to their dangerous nature.
- Any Lithium batteries must stay inside the device on which they are being used. They cannot be shipped separately, unless you have a specific arrangement with your courier.
- Every package you send has a maximum of 2 lithium batteries and can be included (or 4 lithium cells).
- As Lithium batteries are considered hazardous products due to their susceptibility to fire, all attempts to stop them from overheating is crucial. Any device with batteries that you are shipping must be switched off, and you must assure that any on/off switches are protected from unintended activation. It can be done with the use of electrical tape or cardboard.
- Follow the IATA rules regarding packaging. Never have metal objects close to your lithium batteries. Be careful and place electrical tape on all electrical terminals; this helps to prevent overheating.
- Always place your gadget in a plastic bag. It prohibits any static intrusion and acts as just another defensive shield against a fire outbreak.
- Although you can send lithium batteries by courier, if the battery is faulty, you don't have to do so. It is a crime, and will be penalized with a massive penalty.
If you plan to ship lithium batteries abroad, note that certain countries have various laws and other unique criteria to follow. And if you have any concerns or questions, please contact customer care.
2) Which carrier will take lithium battery?
Multiple regulatory companies govern the transportation of lithium batteries. For shipments, by ground services, each State will have its carriers. Shipping by sea is regulated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). By air, it is either the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) or the International Air Transport Association (IATA), providing very similar services. Let's have a brief about the carriers and their rules and regulations to be kept in mind:-
- Shipping Lithium Batteries by Air Service
The shipping of lithium batteries by air service is the fastest means of transportation. But there are some rules to be followed strictly when shipping lithium batteries with AIR service. The rules may differ depending upon the type of lithium battery you ship (lithium-ion or lithium metal), Either you ship without equipment packed batteries, equipment packed batteries or equipment-contained batteries.
When you send lithium batteries by air, you have to send them into the device they operate. By air service, you can send 4 lithium batteries at one time that too 2 per package.
- Shipping Lithium Batteries by Ground Service
Many manufacturers and sellers don't have the resources to check every battery's charge level. They prefer to ship at 100 percent state of charge, so they typically rely on ground transport. For ground shipments of lithium batteries, additional weight and labeling may require. The requirements differ depending upon what specification of lithium battery you are shipping. Whether you ship batteries packed without equipment or batteries contained in equipment. Most ground regulations, such as ADR and TDGR, have exceptions for sending small lithium batteries. Check with local regulations to ensure compliance with any local or state variations.
- Shipping Lithium Batteries by Sea Service
The shipping of lithium batteries is mostly done through seaways as it ships in bulk. But sea carriers have certain rules and regulations enforced by the International Sea Transport Association(IATA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which has to be kept in mind.
You can send batteries in hard plastic when shipping lithium batteries, like AA and AAA batteries. Lithium batteries should be packed according to IATA section II packaging requirements. This section says that the content of metal or alloy cells should not exceed one gram, while the aggregated lithium content is not more than 2 grams per cell.
3) What happens if you ship a lithium battery?
As a lithium-ion battery transmitter, you will be accountable for the safe and secure shipment of your products. It should be taken seriously, because when done incorrectly, lithium-ion batteries can become a threat to the safety of people transporting the product.
- Risk While Shipping Batteries
Finding the right mode of shipment for lithium-ion batteries can be a complicated process. Why? Because lithium-ion batteries are sensitive to damage, particularly during transport. If a battery is leaked, the results can be devastating. For example, the battery could start leaking, and toxic substances could escape from the device. Or worse: the battery could catch fire or explode while being delivered to the customer.
Safety and precautions come first while shipping lithium batteries. As a sender, always select the correct packaging for lithium batteries by obeying the regulations drawn up by the shipping authority. A qualified packaging partner will help you reduce the risks and prevent harm during the shipment of your lithium batteries.
The Bottom Line
The safe shipment of lithium batteries comes at priority; one must follow the rules and regulations. We hope this detailed FAQ about lithium batteries shipment helps you in all ways.
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