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Smart Car Batteries – Usage, Working and Cycle Life
With a greater aversion to fuel-run cars, and greater calls to environmental preservation, smart cars, aka electric cars are a growing trend in the market. However, owners (or potential owners) of smart cars usually do not get ample information concerning their batteries, and it leads them to utter confusion or loss. If they have not bought a smart car, they may even reconsider buying it given the circumstances.
An insight to What type of battery does a smart car use?Technically, smart cars use 4 major types of batteries. Each of these batteries has its own unique features, pros, and cons, but all of them are paving the path of clean energy and bringing more innovation in the domain of transport. Read the following for their details:
Lithium-ion batteries are the most common in smart cars. They are quite efficient even in high temperatures, and they provide a lot of power when it is compared to their weight. The charge in these batteries is maintained for long as compared to other types, and their lightweight allows the car to go even further than ever imagined before.?
Nickel-metal Hydride Batteries
These batteries are typically used in hybrid vehicles, not fully electric ones. It is the unique functionality of these batteries, that gives them an advantage in hybrid vehicles. On the contrary, they do not work well with fully electric vehicles due to the intensive discharge rate and the heat they may produce. However, they last considerably longer than other variants and may be safer to use for you.
Lead-acid batteries are typically used in the older models of smart cars. They are not used anymore in newer models because they run out very fast. Although they are extremely safe to use and provide various other benefits, the customers are mainly looking for batteries that last longer in general.
Ultracapacitors are ideal for supplementary power and energy. They are very good at maintaining low temperatures but may be inefficient for high-end vehicles because they are still at the beginning of their developmental stage.
Where is a battery in a smart car?Where a battery in a smart car usually varies from the type of car being used or the company that has manufactured a car. To get a general idea of the battery’s location in a smart car, proceed as follows:
?On the Back side – This is usually in the cars with a small front but with a big back side. Many brands of cars prefer to have their batteries installed on the back side because it allows the drivers to have better visibility of the front, and it takes the battery close to the place where its power is employed, i.e., in the tyres. This is especially favorable for people because they can now store their things on the front side of the car.
?On the Front side – All typical cars have batteries in the front trunk. Thus, cars that wish to replicate the traditional model usually have batteries installed in the front side, and then the back can be used as storage in those cars. Moreover, it should be noted that having batteries on the front is more feasible because the wiring can become simpler since the lights and other functionality of the cars are easily accessible. This placement would be preferred for cars that have front 2 wheels functioning.
?Below the seats – This location is used mainly for small smart cars that do not require a lot of battery power. The battery can be placed just below the seats, and this allows the manufacturers to save a lot of space. Moreover, it makes the car more compact and mobile, and good enough for regular usage. These cars may usually be 2 seaters.
How long does a smart car battery last?In the process of deciding if it is even worth it to buy a smart car, potential owners may want to know about how long their batteries last. It will be an important step of the decision-making process since the length of the batteries determine the feasibility and cost-efficiency of using that particular car.
Factors that affect the duration of smart car batteries:
Before we determine how long a typical battery lasts, we need to look into the factors that influence the lasting time of these batteries. It will help us understand where our particular batteries stand:
?The intensity of the usage of batteries
While we are looking at the length driven, we also need to consider the intensity. For example, if a lot of your time is spent driving the car uphill, or on mountainous terrain, it will significantly reduce the life of your smart car’s battery.
?The type of batteries used
We have discussed the types of smart car batteries above. Each of those types has a lasting time. If you consider that and a few additional things, mainly the temperature tolerance of the batteries, you will get a clearer idea of how long the battery shall last.
?The vehicle’s demand for electricity
Some smart vehicles require more electricity to facilitate the car’s additional functionalities. So, if your car is high-end, it will drain your battery faster unless you use a stronger battery to compensate for the car’s functionality.
The average duration of smart car batteries:
Depending on the various factors discussed above, the average duration of smart car batteries is as follows:
?The smart car’s battery charge remains for about 13 hours in one cycle.
?The batteries last from about 10-20 years depending on the factors.
?Batteries with extreme intensive usage will last for about 8 years minimum.
Final ThoughtsWith time we shall see smart cars becoming more common, to the point that they will be owned by potentially everyone. Therefore, it is important for us to be familiar with smart cars and their batteries. One day, when we have smart cars of our own, this information (hopefully) will be of much help to us.