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Molten Salt Battery: Introduction, Working And Making
The advance of technology allows researchers to develop many things, and the battery is one of those things. From nickel batteries to lithium-ion batteries, they are invented fr the purpose of better energy and usage by people. Now, molten salt battery has entered the competition. In this article, we will talk about molten salt battery and every aspect of it. We will give the introduction, how it’s working, and how to make a molten salt battery.
There are different types of molten salt batterie. They are:
They are molten salt batteries that cannot be charged. They are used for the purpose of giving a large amount of power at a certain amount of time, usually in seconds. Thermal molten salt batteries are mostly used for objects such as missiles and rockets due to the large amount og energy it delivers.
Liquid Metal Battery
The latest molten salt battery invented by Donal Sadoway. What makes Sadoway’s battery unique is its simple and yet effective and inexpensive design. Due to its inexpensive and yet effective design, Sadoway’s molten salt battery is perfect for large objects such as grid applications. Using liquid metal battery by Sadoway can save lots of expense, hence it’s usage on big-scale objects or projects.
Sodium-sulfur battery is another molten salt battery that is also inexpensive in terms of materials. Just like liquid molten salt battery, the sodium-sulfur battery is also used for grid applications. What makes them different are their materials, chemicals, and functional temperature. Sodium-sulfur battery functions around 300 to 350 degree celsius, while liquid metal battery is around 450 degree celsius (thanks to the new design that includes new electrodes that allow higher temperature).
Sodium-Nickel Chloride Battery
Although the main core of the battery uses molten sodium, there are several parts of this battery that uses nickel. To be specific, for the positive electrodes. Moreover, they also used nickel chloride in the charged state (only nicked is used during discharged). The battery usually operates at 270 to 350 degree celsius, but the latest discovery made the battery possible to be used at 90 degree celsius.
People keep researching the advancement of the molten salt battery not without reason. It has many benefits that make it superior to other batteries, such as:
●Longer lifespan due to the nature of the liquid electrode.
●More efficient in terms of energy due to the lack of separator.
●Higher density for the current due to its liquid nature.
●Simple process of creation due to its simple component.
●Inexpensive despite a large amount of energy it delivers.
●Can be made by self at a short amount of time.
With such benefits, no wonder molten salt battery is winning right now!