Are you planning on shipping your batteries by air, sea, or road You may not know it, but there are specific rules and restrictions which need to be strictly followed while carrying a lithium battery—many rechargeable and non- rechargeable batteries, lithium cells, and industrial electronic devices consumed worldwide. The lithium batteries are marked as hazardous goods, and shipping them to the consumer through a logistics chain is often an overlooked topic.
Many citizens are unaware of the regulations and safety laws that may have serious consequences, including heavy penalties. With that in mind, it is essential that you and your chosen career-take the time to ensure that these lithium batteries are appropriately labeled, packaged, and stored for shipping. This illustrative will guide you on FAQs related to lithium battery shipment.
What are lithium battery carry on restrictions
Lithium batteries, which power everyday devices, have carry-on restrictions because they can catch fire if damaged or if battery terminals are short-circuited and may lead to severe problems. Here are some of the restrictions which need to follow:-
Devices contain lithium metal batteries or lithium-ion batteries, including but not limited to smartphones, tablets, cameras, and laptops, should be stored in carry-on baggage. When these devices are packed in checked luggage, they should be switched off, shielded from accidental activation, and packed so that they are safe against harm.
Spare lithium metal batteries (uninstalled) and lithium-ion batteries are forbidden in checked baggage. They are to be carried in carry-on baggage with the passenger.
Damaged, faulty, or recalled lithium batteries cannot be shipped as per regulations because they can catch fire and may affect other goods and persons health.
What is the carry on sizes of lithium battery
Lithium batteries have specific rules and regulations apart from its packaging, labeling, and documentation. One must always check the size limit and quantity limit before carrying or shipping a lithium-ion battery. Below are the standard size and quantity limit set by IATA.
Size limits: Lithium-metal batteries (non-rechargeable) are restricted to 2 grams of lithium per cell. Lithium-ion (rechargeable) batteries are limited to a battery average of 100 watt-hours (Wh). These limitations require almost all types of lithium batteries in their electronic devices that the average person uses. Up to two spare larger lithium-ion batteries (101-160 Wh) or Lithium metal batteries (2-8 grams) can also be carried by passengers with approval.
Quantity limits: To carry the lithium battery, there are some prohibitions set by the board. A person cannot carry a battery for further sale or distribution from one place to another. But there is a quantity limit of two spare lithium batteries per person he can ship or carry along with him.
How do you carry on or check-in a lithium battery
The risk of thermal exhaust in lithium-ion batteries may increase due to defective output. Nevertheless, this issue can be induced not just by bad design. If a lithium battery has not been adequately sealed, such cases also lead to excessive heat and explosions.
Keeping such things in mind, there are some shipping constraints. While the limitations vary slightly from shipping to shipping companies. Here are some tips how to carry or check-in a lithium battery:-
Packaging: Lithium-ion batteries should be delivered inside the devices they expect to operate. If outside the devices either packed in the same package or packed separately. They must be adequately secured against damage when transported inside a device. The product must be packed in such a way as to avoid it from turning on mid-shipment. Batteries delivered outside of a device or in separate packaging must be appropriately covered and cushioned. In the latter case, they must be in the manufacturer 's original sealed packaging.
Labeling: Products containing products that have lithium-ion batteries that are delivered separately must be labeled accordingly. This means clearly stating that the product includes one or more lithium-ion batteries outside the packet.
Documentation: It is common practice to be followed by particular documents on certain shipments. This document explains how to manage the shipment if it gets damaged, along with instructions on inspection and repackaging.
Ratings must be marked: For all lithium batteries, the manufacturer must mark them on the product like Watt-hour (Wh) value or lithium content (LC).
Shipping Services: In general, lithium-ion batteries' air transportation is only allowed if the batteries are either transported inside or in the same package that accompanies their power. However, without accompanying appliances, lithium-ion batteries usually are not accessible by air in a separate box.
Number of Batteries: In the case of the shipment of lithium-ion batteries with the power equipment, the number of packs shall be limited to that of the equipment. In addition, the number of batteries packed in a box can be limited.
Weight Limit and Dangerous Goods contract: Shipping companies usually have weight caps on shipments of lithium-ion batteries. For example, it has a standard weight limit of 11 lbs for batteries shipped inside or corresponding devices, and 5 lbs for separately shipped batteries. For lithium ions, weight limits are equal to 5 kg and 2.5 kg. When lithium batteries meet the weight cap, the shipment would require a contract with Dangerous Goods. It includes the shipper ensuring that, in preparing the package(s) for shipping, they have duly followed various laws and instructions. Their staff is adequately qualified in packing lithium-ion batteries, and so on.
Safety Tip- Safety and precautions come first while carrying or shipping the lithium battery. As a sender, always check that the packing is done as per the regulations drawn by the shipping authority. Good packing will always reduce the risk of explosion and ensure safety.
The Bottom Line
People must always adhere to restrictions drawn by the shipping authority while carrying lithium batteries to ensure safety and to avoid the trouble in some situations .hopefully, this detailed FAQ about lithium-ion batteries will assist you always.
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