A Battery is an essential power source for any hardware remote device, be it a cell phone, PC, watch, or car. Would you be able to envision a world without batteries· Humans would not be able to manufacture any remote devices if only wired power sources were available. Even electric vehicles and space missions would not be conceivable without batteries. Today in this article, we will quickly examine different types of batteries, their advantages, and their limitations.
Batteries are fundamentally characterized into two kinds:
1.Non-rechargeable Batteries (Primary Batteries)
1.Rechargeable Batteries (Secondary Batteries)
These are fundamentally considered as primary batteries since they can be utilized only once. Non-rechargeable batteries, as the name suggests, cannot be charged and used in a scenario more than once.
·Alkaline batteries:·It is essentially developed with the composition structure of zinc (Zn) and manganese dioxide (MnO2), as the electrolyte utilized in it is potassium hydroxide, which is an antacid substance. Alkaline batteries store the power of 100 W/Kg.
·Coin cell batteries:·The content structure of coin cell batteries is additionally alkaline in nature. Besides fundamental synthesis, the chemical composition of lithium and silver oxide is utilized to manufacture coin cell batteries. These batteries are more productive in giving consistent and stable voltage even though they are available in tiny sizes. It entails a power density of 270 W/Kg.
By and large, these are referred to as secondary batteries since they can be revived and reused. Rechargeable batteries reflect tremendous life expectancy when appropriately utilized and securely charged.
·Lead-acid batteries:·It comprises of lead-acid as an electrolyte. These batteries are extremely low in price and are generally used in vehicles to control the lighting systems. They are ideal in settings where the size/space and weight don't make a difference. Lead-acid batteries entail a power density of 7 W/Kg.
·Ni-CD Batteries:·These batteries contain a mix of Nickel and Cadmium. Although they are infrequently utilized, these batteries are cheap, and their release rate is exceptionally low when contrasted with Ni-MH batteries. Nickel-Cadmium batteries are available in all standard sizes like AA, AAA, C, and rectangular shapes. Their voltage capacity is 1.2V. However, if you connect them in a lot of 3, their association will provide a voltage of 3.6V. Ni-CD batteries have a power density of 60 W/Kg.·
·Ni-MH Batteries:·Also known as Nickel Metal Hydride batteries, these cells demonstrate degradation in performance if stored at elevated temperatures. The power density of Ni-MH batteries is 100 W/Kg. Ni-MH batteries are often found in settings similar to lithium-ion batteries since these batteries provide a higher voltage and are available in various sizes.·
·Li-ion Batteries:·It comprises of lithium ions and is the most recent in rechargeable innovation. As it is smaller in size, it can be utilized in a vast majority of settings that require a higher voltage and involves convenient, practical applications. Lithium-ion batteries are the best rechargeable batteries accessible. These have an ostensibly high voltage of 3.7 V and involve different scopes of intensity limit (beginning from 100 mAh to 1000 mAh). Indeed, even the C-rating ranges from 1C to 10C, and the power density of Li-ion batteries is 126 W/Kg.
·Li-Po Batteries:·These batteries are also referred to as Lithium-ion polymer rechargeable batteries. They utilize high conductivity polymer gel/electrolyte rather than the fluid electrolyte. They are categorized under the Li-ion innovation and are somewhat expensive. However, these batteries are exceptionally secured when contrasted with the Li-particle batteries. Li-Po batteries have a power density of 185 W/Kg.
What are the advantages of different types of batteries？
Below we have covered advantages of different kinds of batteries:
Alkaline batteries:· Advantages· · · ·
·Alkaline batteries demonstrate durability.
·They entail higher power density as contrasted to different batteries. It permits the battery to source power for extended periods.
·Expenses of an antacid battery are a lot lesser than the other more refined ones containing nickel and cadmium.
·Alkaline batteries work well even at low temperatures.
·Alkaline batteries can be put away at room temperature for a long time and can still hold 90 percent of their unique capacity.
Coin cell batteries:·Advantages:·
·They are light in weight.
·Coin cell batteries are available in tiny sizes.
·They are thick.
·Their price is low.
·These batteries provide high nominal voltage (up to 3V).
·It is simple to get high voltages by arranging the batteries sequentially.
·The batteries present usability for extended periods.
Lead-acid batteries:· Advantages:·
·They are cheaper and widely affordable.
·These batteries can be recharged easily without any inconvenience.··
·They have a higher power output.
Ni-CD Batteries:· Advantages:·
·They are cheaper and can be purchased at budget prices.
·Ni-CD batteries can be easily recharged.
·They suitable in all settings and have numerous practical applications.··
·These batteries are available in every standard size.
·They are accessible in every standard size.
·Ni-MH batteries have high power density.
·They are easy to charge.
Li-ion Batteries:· Advantages:·
·These batteries are light in weight.
·Lithium-ion batteries have a high C-rating.
·They have a high power density along with an excellent cell voltage.··
Li-Po Batteries:· Advantages:·
·They are exceptionally safe when contrasted with Li-ion batteries.
·Li-Po batteries are light in structure when compared to Li-particle batteries.
·The power density and voltage of this battery are extremely high similar to its competitive counterparts.··
What the limitations of different types of batteries·
Below we have covered limitations of different types of batteries:
Alkaline batteries:· Limitations· · · ··
·Alkaline batteries are bulkier than other lithium batteries. However, it provides a higher power.··
·A faulty battery charger can make antacid batteries detonate.
·The released material in the alkaline batteries can deteriorate and consequently ruin the device entirely if placed in gadgets that were not used for a long time.
Coin cell batteries: Limitations:·
·They need a holder.
·They draw the current at a lower rate.
Lead-acid batteries:· Limitations:·
·They are denser and heavy in weight.
·These batteries can consume a lot of room owing to their gigantic size.
·The power density is extremely low.
Ni-CD Batteries:· Limitations:·
·These batteries entail a lower power density.
·They contain toxic components that can be hazardous in specific settings.· ·
·These should be recharged routinely to prevent the development of crystals on the battery plate.
·These batteries entail a high self-discharge and result in lower specific energy.
·They are costly than Ni-cd batteries.
Li-ion Batteries:· Limitations:·
·They are costly.
·On the off chance that the terminals are short-circuited, the battery will detonate.
·Insurance of the battery circuit is required before you can utilize Lithium-ion batteries.
Li-Po Batteries:· Limitations:·
·They are costly.
·These batteries might detonate if wrongly connected to the power terminal.
·They should not be twisted or molded.
·Do not expose Li-Po batteries to higher temperatures since it may result in a blast.
Selecting the right type of battery can be tricky, but this article can help you settle on the best pick considering your requirements.
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