Rechargeable batteries have become a major source of portable power delivery in the 21st century. As they are getting popular day by day, people are raising more questions about the batteries. Charging the batteries is one major questioning topic for people. So, here we will discuss all that you need to know about the charging of a rechargeable battery.
What is the terminology of battery charging?
The terminology of charging the battery is very simple and it can be easily understood in some simple steps. Here we will discuss the steps included in the charging process of the battery. For a better understanding of the charging process, it is good to start from the discharging process. So, here are all the steps included in charging the battery.
Initial stage of the battery.
When the battery is in its initial stage, there is a deficiency of electrons on the positive terminal whereas the electrons are abundant on the negative terminal of the battery. This state is also known as the charged state of the battery.
Using the battery.
When some load is connected to the battery, the electrons start to flow from the negative terminal to the positive terminal. As the electrons are passing through the load, it gets power because of the movement of electrons.
Charging the battery
When most of the electrons of the battery have reached the positive terminal of the battery, the battery becomes unable to provide power. This is the time when you charge the battery. Here the same process is repeated but this time it occurs in the opposite direction.
When you connect the charger to the terminals of the battery, the reaction between the electrolyte of the battery and the terminals starts.
Due to this reaction and the power provided by the charger, the electrons start to move from the positive terminal of the battery to the negative terminal of the battery. Once the charge is fully restored on the negative terminal, the battery comes in a fully charged state as its initial state.
Can you explain the do’s and don’ts of battery charging?
While everyone wants the best for their battery, many people ask how to and what to do to charge their battery and what things must be avoided while charging the battery. Here we will discuss some of the do’s and don’ts of battery charging.
These are some Do’s for charging the batteries.
Do keep checking the battery health and condition.
This is a do for charging the battery. It is a good practice to keep checking the condition of the battery. When you have plugged your battery for charging, the reaction in the battery starts. IF you are using the acid battery, it is good to keep checking the water level inside the battery and its gravity with the help of a hydrometer. Another thing to keep checking for is the temperature of the battery.
Do efficiently charge the battery.
Most of the batteries are not built with built-in charging circuits. And most of the chargers are also not built for charging the battery with any kind of protection. In this case, you can do two things. If you can get an intelligent charger, you must get one.
This will intelligently and efficiently charge the battery. If you are unable to get an efficient charger, you can keep checking the battery statistics by using different tools. This will help in charging the battery efficiently and protecting the battery from overcharging.
Do a double check when connecting the battery.
This is a very important thing that can save your battery from being useless. When you connect the battery to a charger, there is a chance that you might have connected the battery with the charger in the wrong way. One thing that can save you from destroying the battery is to check is the charger is correctly connected concerning the polarity of battery terminals.
These are some Don’ts for charging the batteries.
Avoid charging the battery in extreme hot conditions.
Consider that you are charging the battery and it gets extremely hot, in this case, you must not charge the battery by yourself. It is better to take it to a professional.
Avoid fast charging.
For most of the batteries, fast charging is like poison. Unless you know that your battery is fast charging compatible, avoid using it.
Avoid charging the battery for long unattended times.
Do not just connect the battery to the charger and leave it. You must keep checking the battery after regular intervals.
Can a completely dead battery be recharged?
When the battery is left uncharged for a long time, it becomes dead. This is because the electrons lose their tendency to provide power to the battery because of sitting idle for a long time. However, some people still want to get this type of battery to life. Here we will discuss the process of charging the dead battery.
The battery is dead from charges.
This is the type of battery that is not charged for some time or it is left in charge after completely using it. In this case, the battery structure has its properties and it can still be charged. Although it can take some time to be recharged, doing this several times to your battery can significantly reduce the life of your battery.
The battery is dead concerning its construction.
This is the type of dead battery that has been left dead for a very long time and now this battery is unable to be charged. In this case, the battery will not hold charge whatever you do. It will be connected to the charger for a long time, but it will be unable to store charge. This type of battery needs to be repaired or replaced.
If you are up to get this battery repaired, you will have to get the battery opened and then the plates inside the battery that are responsible for carrying the positive and negative charges will be repaired. After this, the battery will be able to hold a charge.
The method of charging the battery significantly affects the life of the battery. So, you must pay good attention to the charging of your battery. Here we discussed some important things that you can follow while charging your battery to give it a better life.
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